Myrtle: Medicinal plant widely used as a hedge in gardens

Myrtle: Medicinal plant widely used as a hedge in gardens

Myrtle is a shrub plant native to South India (Photo: Flickr / Brian James Sherman / Creative Commons)

myrtle, or Morena paniculata, is a shrub plant native to South India. Popular as sweet myrtle, it is an evergreen tree, as it does not lose foliage. The main feature of the species is the formation of dense bushes, which can reach a height of five meters.

A success among landscape projects, it can be used in gardens to create a green wall in spaces where privacy is required, camouflage walls or environments that separate reflective or functional spaces.

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The species is indicated for the treatment of problems such as cystitis, urethritis and discharge (Photo: Flickr / Bulbul Khan / Creative Commons)

The species is indicated for the treatment of problems such as cystitis, urethritis and discharge (Photo: Flickr / Bulbul Khan / Creative Commons)

according to landscaping regen haydenMyrtle can be cultivated as a hedge. “With regular pruning it will form a uniform green wall. In urban afforestation, the species is cultivated in a certain way that it will not affect pavement and courtyard structures”, he says.

As for color, myrtle produces dark green leaves, white and cream flowers, with flowers reminiscent of jasmine and orange flowers. The plant blooms throughout the year.

In order for the green wall to form faster, the landscaper recommends planting two plants per linear meter. But, if there is no hurry to close the hedge and want to save money, one seedling can be planted every linear meter. “On the sidewalk, we should consider a minimum distance of four metres”, says Regen.

The soil suitable for this type of plant is fertile and well drained, with a quality substrate. Myrtle adapts well to tropical, subtropical or Mediterranean climates, and tolerates severe cold and frost. It should be planted in full sun, where it flowers the most, and also in semi-shade.

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“For the first three months after planting, it should be watered daily, preferably in the afternoon. In the first year after planting it is important to focus more on irrigation, watering at least every other day”, explains Rejane. Myrtle is a very resistant plant, don’t worry about watering after this period.

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The soil suitable for this type of plant is fertile and well-drained, with a quality substrate (Photo: Flickr / Ennis Carvalho / Creative Commons)

The soil suitable for this type of plant is fertile and well-drained, with a quality substrate (Photo: Flickr / Ennis Carvalho / Creative Commons)

According to the landscaper, research conducted in Brazil found that the use of myrtle only in large quantities can bring some toxicity to the body, so consumption should be limited and accompanied by a specialist.

Regen says it is a medicinal plant indicated for the treatment of problems such as cystitis, urethritis, and discharge. In addition, it has an expectorant and antiseptic action on the respiratory system in the treatment of sinusitis, cough and bronchitis and externally, it helps in treating psoriasis and gum infections. “Its essential oil is used to manufacture soap and cosmetic products,” she says.

Leaves and flowers can be placed in salads. Meat and fish can be left with a spicy flavor with leaves and berries. Delicious tea can be made from its flowers.

About the author: Cory Weinberg

Cory Weinberg covers the intersection of tech and cities. That means digging into how startups and big tech companies are trying to reshape real estate, transportation, urban planning, and travel. Previously, he reported on Bay Area housing and commercial real estate for the San Francisco Business Times. He received a "best young journalist" award from the National Association of Real Estate Editors.

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