Considered as one of the chief economists on the board of the Perseu Abramo Foundation, think tank Of Workers Party (PT), Guilherme Mello was in the United States last Friday, the 22nd, at an event for entrepreneurs and investors organized by XP Inc. At the time, Melo, who represented the former presidential candidacy squiddebated proposals for the development of the country with his rival candidates – represented by former minister Henrik Meirels joao doria (psdb); Economist Elena Landau spoke in favor of Simone Tebbet (MDB), and Nelson Marconi propagated the views of ciro gomes (PDT). In an interview with VEJA, Melo, a social scientist and professor at Unicamp’s Institute of Economics, praised the level of debate, but rejected the status of the protagonist of Lula’s economic program.
“Lula has a huge number of interlocutors. I run into a broad group of economists from most different backgrounds, of most different ages, with the most different expertise. I have a role to play in trying to coordinate these efforts, but I am only one part of this team, which has many qualified and experienced people”, says Melo. ,Lula has other negotiators, including PT outside, and each of them brings a insightA different vision, which would help him write how the economy should be governed in his new government. ,
In the event, the main topic PT’s economic advisor was asked was about a possible repeal. public expenditure limit If the party returns to power. Former President Lula has repeatedly said that the rule should be reviewed upon his return to power, causing some apprehension in the financial markets. “We are not discussing at this time what the design of a possible New Testament would be, in the sense of saying whether it would be an expenditure rule or a primary rule. What is important is the basic principles, the principles that the New Testament will follow. Now it all depends on the circumstances.ace, negotiation, to approve a political majority in Congress”, Melo revealed. should be.”
Next, economists and social scientists enumerate the properties sought by the group of economists at Persu Abramo when proposing a new financial framework. “We are listing a series of principles that we believe should be in a fiscal framework. It should, for example, be counter-cyclical, flexible, it should be feasible to meet and it should favor better quality investments. investments that deliver income and increase productivity over the long term”, says Melo. “We need to gain credibility with respect to the fiscal framework, which today is systematically disrespected, less transparent and reduces investment by the state. If we win the election, with the appointment of a minister, we will be able to produce a better-crafted final resolution based on our principles. ,
When asked whether Lula’s economic plan would have a place for more liberal views, Melo answers: “You have to ask him what criteria will be adopted. But I do not believe that his final government will be a debate of an academic nature. Whether it is more developmental or more liberal in Unicamp, UFRJ or USP. I think he will choose the right people for the right positions to run the government, which if elected will be a big challenge for him.” , he says, engaging in a sharp remark about the current economy minister, paulo gedes, “Lula Posto does not intend to establish a name for Ipiranga. People may have gotten used to Geddes, whom everyone thought would solve everything, but, in reality, it was something also does not solve and the boss is responsible for it. [presidente] Jair Bolsonaro.”
Mello also pointed out that the party is not opposed to the independence project of the Central Bank and that the next government should have a social and environmental commitment. “Even Elena Landau, who is a historical critic of the party, acknowledged in the event that Lula, in his first government, quickly reduced deforestation in the Amazon. The very difficult scenario we face today This is where the Amazon is reaching its limits, where scientists speak of ‘no return.’ , Melo said. The Economist’s US tour comes to an end, his assessment with a positive balance.