Earth 16,000 MPF fast, 2000 light-years from a supermassive black hole in the center of the galaxy

Milky Way Galaxy Position and Velocity Map

Map of the position and velocity of the galaxy. The arrows show the position and velocity figures for the 224 objects used to sample the Milky Way galaxy. Solid black lines indicate the position of the galaxy’s curved arms. Colors represent groups of units related to the same arm. The background is a simulation image. Credit: NAOJ

The Earth has just gotten faster at 7 km per hour (,000 16,000 per hour) and is close to 2,000 light-years of supernatural creation. Black hole In the middle of Galaxy Galaxy. But don’t worry, that doesn’t mean our planet is sinking into a black hole. Instead, the changes are the result of improved modeling of the Milky Way galaxy based on new observation data, including a list of observations made by the Japanese radio astronomy project Veera over a period of more than 15 years.

Vera (VLBI exploration of radio astronomy, as “VLBI” stands for very long baseline interferometry) began in 2000 to map three-dimensional motion and spatial structures in the Milky Way. VERA Uses a technique called interferometry to combine data from radio telescopes spread across the Japanese archipelago to achieve the same resolution as a 2300 km diameter telescope. . Measurement Accuracy Achieved with this resolution, 10 micro-arcseconds, placed on the surface of the moon are sharp enough in theory to solve a money of the United States.

Because the Earth is located inside the Milky Way galaxy, we cannot go back and see what the galaxy looks like from the outside. Astrology is an important tool for understanding the position of objects and accurate measurements of movements, the overall structure of the galaxy and our place in it. This year, the first Veera Astrometry Catalog was published which contained data for 99 objects.

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Based on the latest observations by the VERA Astrometry Catalog and other groups, astronomers created a position and velocity map. From this map they calculated the center of the galaxy, the point that revolves around everything. The map suggests that the center of the galaxy, and the supermassive black hole that inhabits it, is located 25,800 light-years from Earth. This is closer to the official price of 27,700 light-years adopted by the International Astronomical Union in 1985. The velocity signal on the map shows the Earth traveling at 227 kilometers per hour as it orbits the galactic center. This is faster than the official price of 220 km / s.

Now Veera expects to see more objects, especially closer to the central supermassive black hole, to better reflect the galaxy’s orbit and speed. As part of these efforts, Vera will participate in EAVN (East Asian VLBI Network), which includes radio telescopes located in Japan, South Korea and China. By increasing the number of binoculars and the maximum distance between the telescopes, the EAVN can achieve greater accuracy.

Collaboration with VERA and “First Vera Astrometry Catalog” by AL. Published in August 2020 in the Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan.

About the author: Raven Weber

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