At the end of the 20th century, New Zealand began to consider itself a diverse and sovereign nation. In 1991, five years after winning Total freedom From Great Britain, New Zealand took the Queen’s image from all notes except the $ 20 bill, and was replaced by well-known New Zealanders – women suffrage leader Kate Sheperd, mountaineer Sir Edmund Hillary, cultural leader and Maori politician Sir Apirana Ngata And Nobel Prize-winning physicist Ernest Rutherford – who is still present in the notes.
Like New Zealand, the development of South African banknotes is a reflection of the country’s calculations with its history as a colony. In 1961, First ballot Were issued after independence from Britain. However, in tribute to its colonial history, each note carried the portrait of Jan van Riebeeck, a Dutch explorer who established a trading station in 1962 that would become Cape Town.
Van Rebike has been the face of the country’s currency for three decades. However, in 1992, when South Africa struggled to end the racist system ApartheidIt was eventually replaced by five iconic animals – rhinos, elephants, lions, African buffalo and leopards – considered more representative (and acceptable) for South Africans.
South Africa made another major change after 20 years. In 2012, the country Presented New notes with the face of the country’s first black president, anti-money activist Apartheid Nelson Mandela. “A country’s currency is a fundamental component of its national identity” Spiked Gil Marcus, director of the Central Bank of South Africa, clarified that the new model “reflects South Africa’s pride as a nation.” Mandela remains the face of South African currency – and in 2018, the country Released a series of commemorative notes To celebrate the 100th year of his birth, representing scenes of Mandela’s life.