Astronomical calendar: Observations in the sky in 2021 – 02/01/2021

Astronomical calendar: Observations in the sky in 2021 - 02/01/2021

There will be four eclipses in 2021 that can be enjoyed in different parts of the world. See what events can be seen.

Looking at the sky will bring some awards in 2021.

There will be a partial lunar eclipse of the new year that will be visible in Mexico, Central America and parts of South America (unfortunately not in Brazil) as well as total solar eclipses and traditional meteor showers.

In addition to the three supermoons, other dates related to space exploration, with the launch of missions and the arrival of some probes at their destination.

It is a calendar of the most important astronomical events of 2021, with an explanation of where they will appear.

Eclipses

In 2021, only two of the four eclipses that will occur will appear in Latin America. The other three will be seen in a limited way in the region.

May 26, full lunar eclipse. On this date, Earth’s natural satellite will pass through the planet’s shadow (womb).

As it happens, the moon gradually turns black. This year, because it corresponds to a supermoon event, whose face appears larger and brighter due to its proximity to Earth, the eclipse should be more attractive.

The eclipse can be fully appreciated in the countries of the Pacific and East Asia, Australia and Western North America. But in Mexico, Chile and Argentina, the vision will be partial.

June 10, the annular eclipse of the Sun. When the Moon is between the Earth and the Sun on this date, an eclipse will occur. The result will be a ring of sunlight. However, the eclipse will be partial, not total.

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The show will appear in Canada, Russia and the Arctic Ocean. And partly in the northeastern United States and Europe.

November 19, Partial lunar eclipse. Such eclipses occur when the moon partially passes through the Earth’s shadow (Penumbra) and only part of the satellite passes through the deepest shadow (womb).

It will appear in parts of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in Mexico, Central America, and the most northwestern part of South America. Also in the United States, Canada and East Russia.

December 4, the total eclipse of the Sun. Although it is the most anticipated spectacle of its kind, as the moon completely blocks sunlight and produces darkness, it is only in some remote areas, among others, Antarctica, the South Atlantic, and the extreme south of Africa. There will be an eclipse seen in

Meteor rain

Like every year, when the Earth’s orbit passes close to the remains of ice, dust and particles that comets lose after their last approach to the Sun, the phenomenon is referred to as a “meteor shower” or “shooting star”. Will be known in

In fact, it involves the passage of meteors through the atmosphere. When lit, they produce well-known visual effects, lines of light that cross the sky. If they survive and reach the ground, the rocks are called meteorites.

Meteors roam the atmosphere, creating a visual spectacle

Image: Getty Image

These rains can be seen almost anywhere in the world, with little artificial light and a wide range of horizons.

The days to enjoy the various meteor showers, named after the constellations in which they originate, will be the following:

  • January 3: Quadrantids.
  • April 22: Lyrical.
  • May 4: And aquarids.
  • 27 July: Aquarium Delta
  • August 12: Persids.
  • October 7: Draconídeos.
  • October 21: Orionid.
  • 5 November: Southern Taurus.
  • 12 November: Northern Taurids.
  • 17 November: Leonidas.
  • 19 November: Geminidas.
  • 22 December: Ursidas.

As “superluous”

A “supermoon” occurs when the moon’s orbit is closest to the Earth (perigee) at the same time it is full. There will be three “supermoons” in the new year, which usually have curious names for their color or figure.

  • 8 April: Super Moon “Pink”.
  • May 26: Full moon of “flowers”.
  • June 24: Super “Strawberry” Moon.
Supermoon is a worldwide acclaimed event - Getty Images - Getty Images

Supermoon is a worldwide acclaimed event

Image: Getty Image

Space exploration

2021 will also be a historic year in space exploration, as some missions will reach their targets, while others will be launched.

If all goes well, then the due dates are:

  • February 18: NASA’s Persistence Spacecraft arrives at the Jazero Crater on Mars.
  • February (to determine the day): The arrival of the Chinese probe Tianwen-1 in the Utopia Planitia plain of Mars.
  • July 22: NASA launched the DART mission with the asteroids Didymos and Dimorphos, aiming never to do so.
  • October 16: NASA began the Lucy mission to locate seven Troy asteroids that float in Jupiter’s orbit and contain primordial material from other planets in an effort to understand the formation of the solar system.
  • October 31: The European Space Agency, NASA and its Canadian counterpart, will launch the James Webb Telescope, the most advanced space observatory to replace the historic Hubble telescope.
Raven Weber

About the author: Raven Weber

Musicaholic. Unapologetic alcohol maven. Social media expert. Award-winning coffee evangelist. Typical thinker.

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