Earth’s largest particle accelerator rebooted

Earth's largest particle accelerator rebooted

Large Hadron Collider, considered the largest particle accelerator EarthHe was restart on this Friday (22) at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) near Geneva, Switzerland.

The equipment was shut down for three years for maintenance and upgrades and was reactivated to begin what scientists called Run 3, the third run. scientist LHC, which will take out experiments till 2024. Run 1 ran from 2009 to 2013 and the second run from 2015 to 2018.

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Further updates are planned to shut down the particle accelerator in 2024, and reactivate it as the High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider in 2028.

“The machines and facilities were subjected to major upgrades during the second prolonged shutdown of the CERN accelerator complex. The LHC itself has undergone an extensive consolidation program and will now operate at even higher power and require major improvements to the injector complex. Thanks, the update will provide significantly more data for the LHC experiments,” said CERN’s director of accelerators and technology. , Mike Lamont, in a statement Friday (22).

“The LHC itself has undergone an extensive consolidation program and will now operate at an even higher power and thanks to major improvements to the injector complex, the updated LHC will provide significantly more data for experiments.”

At an energy level of 450 billion electron volts 27 kilometers from the LHC were fired to inject two beams of protons in opposite directions. According to scientists, the target is to reach 13.6 trillion electron volts in this third race.

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“These beams operate in energy injection and contain a relatively small number of protons. High-intensity, high-energy collisions are months away. After all the hard work of a long shutdown,” explained CERN beam department leader Rodri Jones. They represent a successful restart of the accelerator.”

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