Writing an informative speech seems a piece of cake for most students. However, this assignment is not as easy as it seems at first glance. You will find a comprehensive guide that will give you more insight into preparing information, organizing, and writing an impressive informative speech. Let’s get started!
An Informative speech: Definition
An informative speech is the most common speech type that aims to familiarize people with a certain topic. Students often have to prepare a 5-minute speech to clarify a specific subject and help others understand the information. By the way, a lot of inexperience students use college paper help to help them to learn how to write it right. So informative speeches can be divided into 4 main types.
4 Main Types of Informative Speeches
To prepare a more effective informative speech, define what type it belongs to. Here are 4 main types:
Let’s have a closer look at each type, as the content you should include is different.
Delivering a descriptive speech is like helping your listeners paint a picture in their minds. This type contains lots of descriptive elements and, if possible, supported by visual aids. The speaker should have a clear understanding of what he is telling the public about. In the end, the listeners should have a feeling like they’ve experienced something themselves. This speech aims to invoke senses and feelings.
This type of speech deals with demonstrating a particular process. For example, you tell your audience about your scientific experiment. This is like a systematic guide that clarifies how something is done. For this type, the speaker should focus on logical relations between different steps and add all the necessary details not to confuse the audience. This speech type also requires visual aids, especially if the process is complex or refers to the objects we don’t deal with in everyday life. The speaker should give practical information that drives a specific outcome.
This type is often confused with the descriptive one. However, they are not equal. Whereas descriptive speech helps create a picture, an explanatory clarify a certain outcome and the things that led to it. An explanatory speech contains descriptive elements, but its main aim is to explain why a certain result was achieved. It is a very popular speech to describe historical or social events.
This is probably the trickiest one as it deals with theory. A definition speech explains a theory or a definite concept. It makes the readers acquainted with the concept they didn’t know before. It is like answering the questions and giving the context of a particular problem. The author should take into account the audience and their needs and prepare the whole content according to their beliefs, concerns, problems, etc. The speech should be relevant to the listeners and applicable to their lives.
Now that you know about each type in detail let’s look more closely at the characteristics of an informative speech.
Writing an Informative Speech in 6 steps
Step 1. Pick a prominent topic
A topic defines the success of the whole speech, so pay attention to picking the right topic that will be interesting for both you and your listeners.
Step 2. Analysis and gathering information
Choose relevant sources and dedicate enough time to find strong evidence. It will build trust between you and the audience and create a reputation for a reputable speaker. Include facts from various sources and some unexpected information to engage the audience even more.
Step 4. Think of a thesis statement
A thesis is the idea of your speech, and it gives the readers more insight into the content. Make a few versions of a thesis statement and decide on the final one after you completed the speech.
Step 5. Outlining
Once the drafts are ready, and the information is gathered, and you clearly understand what you are going to talk about, it’s time to organize it all. The outline contains an introduction, main paragraphs, and conclusion.
- An introduction should be interesting and original, so use your creativity. Surprise the listeners with unexpected facts or statistics, interest them with your personal experience, make them think about a quote or question, or make them laugh with a joke. All of this grabs the attention and keeps on listening.
- The main part should be logical and informative. Ensure you have smooth transitions between different ideas or thoughts. Explain each idea in detail and dedicate equal time to clarify all thoughts. Make sure you are not prolix, and your language is understandable. Being precise and specific is the key to success.
- The conclusion summarizes the core points and restates the thesis statement. Include a message you want your audience to remember from your speech.
Step 6. Proofread and edit
After you finish your speech, set it aside, and review it to make sure it does not contain any mistakes. You can simplify this process using special grammar checking tools. When it comes to the content, you can make several improvements, but don’t overdo the whole speech. You can also ensure your speech is original by using special plagiarism checking websites.
How to Choose the Most Beneficial Topic?
Here are the pieces of advice to pick the best topic that will satisfy your audience
Write about what you like
This rule is the main thing to succeed. You should write about the things you are passionate about. Define the areas you would like to be more expert in and write about them. During the preparation, you will study them more thoroughly and become more competent. Moreover, the writing process will be more smooth and fast if you like the topic.
What does your audience want to hear?
You are going to deliver a speech about a topic your audience is already familiar with or knows nothing about. Create a portrait of your target listeners and consider such characteristics as their age, educational level, problems, interests, etc. This will help you tailor your speech to their needs and boost their satisfaction.
Pay attention to the requirements
It is impossible to explain the reasons for the emergence of the feminist movement in 4 minutes, so consider the length of your speech. Pay attention to the word limit and make sure the amount of your material is within it. Better write a little less than needed as there can be some unpredictable questions or other interruptions during your speech.
The faster, the better
There are countless topics to choose from, and many students get confused with such a huge variety. They get stuck on this stage and can’t make a final decision. However, wasting time on choosing a topic doesn’t help you get effective outcomes.
The more time to spare you have, the better you can prepare. We suggest deciding on the topic during the day after the assignment is given. This way, you will have plenty of time to catch up and pay attention to all the stages of preparation.