Lonçon was born in Traguen, a Mapuche stronghold, in the region of La Araucania in the south of the country, and spent his childhood in the community of Lefeveluan, where a large part of his family still lives. In an interview with the Spanish newspaper “El Pais”, she said that she used to travel eight kilometers to school, usually on foot.
Ghatak graduated as an English teacher at the Universidad de la Frontera in La Araucania, and completed postgraduate studies at the Institute of Social Studies in The Hague in the Netherlands and the University of Regina in Canada.
In addition, he holds a PhD in Humanities from the University of Leiden in the Netherlands and a PhD in Literature from the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.
The President of the Constitutional Convention of Chile, Elisa Lonçon, during the first session after being elected to office, in Santiago, Sunday (4) – Photo: Javier Torres / AFP
The Mapuche represent the largest indigenous Chilean ethnic group, the Loncón, and were elected to the Constituent Assembly among 155 of the 17 seats reserved for indigenous peoples.
All ethnic groups were included, with seven representatives from the Mapuche people, two from Aymaras and one from the others: Kavescar, Rapanui, Yagan, Quechua, Atacameno, Diaguita, Kola and Chango.
After being elected president of the convention in the second ballot, with 96 votes out of 155, Lonçon thanked him by holding his fist above his head and highlighting the achievement of an indigenous woman.
“(I want) to thank the support of the various coalitions who put their faith and put their dreams into the call made by the Mapuche nation to vote for a Mapuche man, a woman, to change the history of this country, ” They said. .
The new Chilean constitution will replace the current one – initially drawn up by a small commission during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet (1973–1990) – as an institutional response to the crisis that sought to achieve greater equality of rights in October 2019 triggered a wave of protest. and social welfare.
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