It’s like a scientific hypothesis: Huge solar stations floating in space are the Raja stations that make the Earth a huge beam of energy Raja. And long ago, the concept – first developed by a Russian scientist, Konstantin Tisolowski, 1920 – was the main inspiration for the writers.
A century later, however, scientists are making great strides in turning the concept into reality. The European Space Agency has realized the potential of these efforts and is now exploring. Funding for such projects, Guessing that the first industrial resource we will get from space is “power.”
Climate change is one of the biggest challenges of our time, so there is a lot at stake. From rising global temperatures to changing weather patterns, there are effects of climate change Already being felt Worldwide. Overcoming this challenge will require fundamental changes in how we generate and use rad consent.
Renewable technologies Leave technologies have evolved a lot in recent years Performance improvement And low price. But a major obstacle to their absorption is that they do not provide a constant supply of energy. Wind and solar farms produce produce only when the wind is blowing or the sun is shining – but we need electricity every day, every hour. Lastly, we need a large energy storage facility before we can switch to renewable resources.
The benefits of space
One possible way around this is to generate solar gene in space. It has many advantages. A space-based solar power station can orbit the sun 24 hours a day. The Earth’s atmosphere also absorbs and reflects some sunlight, so the solar cells above the atmosphere will receive more sunlight and produce more light.
But a major challenge in overcoming this is how to assemble, initiate and deploy such large scales. The only solar power should be 10 km square in the Reza station area – equivalent to 1,400 football pitches. It will also be important to use lightweight materials, as the biggest expense will be the cost of launching the station into space on a rocket.
One proposed solution is to develop a cluster of thousands of small satellites that would come together to form a single, giant solar generator. In 2017, researchers at the California Institute of Technology Modular power station, With thousands of alternating solar cell tiles. They also displayed a prototype tile weighing per square meter, similar to the weight of the card.
Recently, the development of manufacturing for this application, such as 3D printing, is also being considered. At the University of Liverpool, we are exploring new manufacturing techniques for this Printing Ultralight Solar Cells on Solar Cells. The solar ark is a foldable, lightweight, and highly efficient membrane capable of harnessing the effects of the sun’s radiation pressure. Move a spacecraft without oil. We are exploring how solar cells can be incorporated into solar cells to build large, fuel-free solar power stations.
These methods will enable us to build power stations in space. In fact, one day it may be possible to build and deploy units on the International Space Station or in the future. Lunar Gateway Station They will circle the moon. Such devices can actually help provide power to the moon.
The possibilities don’t end there. While we are currently relying on materials from the earth to build power plants, scientists are also considering using resources from space for construction, such as materials found on the moon.
Another major challenge will be to get the power transmitted to Earth. The plan is to convert electricity from solar cells into ripple waves and use electromagnetic fields to convert them into Earth’s surface antennas. The antenna will then convert the waves into electricity. Led by researchers Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Who have already designed and demonstrated a bit rabiter system It should be able to.
Much remains to be done in this area, but the goal is to make the solar stations in space a reality in the coming decades. Researchers in China Developed a system called Omega, Which their goal is to be operational by 2050. The system should be able to supply 2GW of power to the Earth’s grid at high performance times, which is a huge amount. To generate a lot of electricity on earth with solar panels, you will need More than six million of them.
Small solar satellites, such as those designed for electricity Lunar rover, May turn up soon.
Around the world, the scientific community is taking the time and effort to develop solar stations in space. We hope that they will one day be an important tool in our fight against climate change.