military coup d’état on this Monday (25) Sudan, Africa’s third largest country in size, and occupied power After arresting the interim prime minister, Abdullah Hamdok, ministers and other civil officials.
O General Abdel Fattah Al-Burhani, who headed the council that oversaw the country’s transition to democracy, made an official statement on state TV, Declared a state of emergency and dissolved the Council and the Transitional Government, led by Hamdoki..
Thousands of people took to the streets of the capital Khartoum and Omdurman to protest the coup even before the speech., blocked roads and set tires on fire while security forces used tear gas to disperse them. (watch video below).
Protesters set tires on fire in the Sudanese capital Khartoum
Understand in below 5 points of military coup:
- where is sudan
- what was the transitional government
- what do scammers say
- Population response
- international community response
The third largest country in Africa, Sudan has a population of Argentina and a . is similar to One of the lowest Human Development Index (HDI) in the world.
The country is located between sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East and borders seven neighbors (Egypt, Libya, Chad, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea) in addition to access to the Red Sea. (see map below).
It is second only to Algeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo in territorial extent and has approximately 42 million inhabitants (about 45 million in Argentina). Unless South Sudan’s independence in 2011, Sudan was the largest country on the continent (and also in the Arab world).
Sudan — Photo: g1
Its capital is Khartoum, where the White Nile and Blue Nile rivers meet and form the Nile, and the country’s predominant religion is Islam.
Sudan has an HDI of 0.510 and ranks 170th among 189 countries, behind Haiti (the poorest country in the Americas) and Afghanistan (169th).
what was the transitional government
The country was being run by an interim government since 2019, when the then dictator Omar al-Bashir was deposed. Al-Bashir ruled the country for three decades between 1989 and 2019 and left power after protests.
Four months after the fall of the dictator, a sovereign council consisting of civilians and military personnel was created to oversee the country’s transition to democracy.
The interim government was led by Abdullah Hamdoki. (picture below), the prime minister who was arrested on Monday, and the sovereign council led by General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, who made a statement on state TV after the coup.
Sudan’s Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok in a February 14, 2020 photo in Berlin, Germany – Photo: Hannibal Hanske / Reuters
Where Hamdok was taken was not reported, and ministers and civilian members of the Sovereign Council were also detained.
Civil and military councilors often disagreed, disagreed, and disagreed about the future of the country and the pace of the transition to democracy. The interim government had already faced a coup attempt on 21 September.
In the coming weeks, General Burhan was to hand over the leadership of the Sovereign Council to a civilian, but instead:
- Arrested Hamdok, minister of the interim government and civilian member of the Sovereign Council;
- Decided a state of emergency for the whole country;
- The Sovereign Council and the Interim Government were dissolved.
A few hours after the coup, Burhan gave a statement on the country’s state TV and He declared a state of emergency and the dissolution of the council led by him and the transitional government led by Hamdok. He also said that a new constitution would be written.
The general said that due to disputes between political factions, the army had to intervene And that the military would nominate a government to run the country until elections scheduled for July 2023. But he made it clear that the army would remain in charge:
“Unless the country’s leadership is handed over to an elected civilian government, the armed forces will continue to accomplish democratic transition,” Burhan said.
General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, who headed the Sovereign Council of Sudan, declared a nationwide state of emergency and dissolved the council, which oversaw the transition of power and the transitional government, headed by the prime minister. . Was arrested by the military – Photo: Sudan TV AP . Through
The Sudan Professionals Association (SPA), the main group responsible for the protests that resulted in the ousting of dictator Omar al-Bashir, Called the public for a general strike and called for civil disobedience against the military coup.
The group said in a statement, “We call on the public to take to the streets and occupy them, block all roads with barricades, hold a general strike, not co-operate with and confront the coup perpetrators of civil disobedience.” call to use.”
Even before Burhan’s speech, thousands of people took to the streets of Khartoum and Omdurman and protested. While the security forces used tear gas shells to disperse them.
Al-Arabiya TV says several people were injured in clashes between protesters and soldiers near a barracks in the capital. A local medical committee says at least 12 people were injured in the clashes.
Protesters set tires on fire in the Sudanese capital Khartoum
The president of the African Union said in a statement that Sudan’s political leaders should be released. The United Nations, the United States and the European Union expressed concern over the events of this Monday.
US special envoy to the region Jeffrey Feltman said the country was “deeply concerned” by the news. US met with Sudanese officials over the weekend to try to resolve a growing political dispute between civilian and military leaders.
White House spokeswoman Karine Jean-Pierre said the US government “rejects the military’s action and calls for the immediate release of the prime minister and others who have been placed under house arrest.”
EU foreign affairs chief Josep Borrell said he was following events in Sudan with “the greatest concern”. UN representative Volker Perth said the organization is “deeply concerned about reports of an ongoing coup in Sudan.”